Marshall Plan And Truman Doctrine Essay Typer

What you have said here is exactly correct.  Truman and Eisenhower might have sounded different rhetorically, but their actual actions were not all that dissimilar.  

As you say, Eisenhower only talked about rolling back communism.  He did not actually take any action to try to destroy it where it was already firmly embedded.  You could claim that his actions in Iran and Guatemala constituted rollback, but you could also say they were no different...

What you have said here is exactly correct.  Truman and Eisenhower might have sounded different rhetorically, but their actual actions were not all that dissimilar.  

As you say, Eisenhower only talked about rolling back communism.  He did not actually take any action to try to destroy it where it was already firmly embedded.  You could claim that his actions in Iran and Guatemala constituted rollback, but you could also say they were no different than what the Truman Doctrine promised to do.  In either case, Eisenhower never tried to do anything about any of the "real" communist countries.  The perfect example of this is his inaction during the Hungarian revolt in 1956.

Eisenhower also talked about massive retaliation and getting "more bang for the buck."  But this was clearly impractical.  It was under Eisenhower that we first took responsibility for South Vietnam.  Eisenhower's actions there were certainly based on containment and had nothing to do with massive retaliation.  

So, Eisenhower talked about rollback and massive retaliation, but what he actually did seems much more like containment using conventional military forces.

The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan

The first step was the of March 1947, which reflected the combativeness of President Harry Truman. Truman wanted to “scare the hell” out of Congress. Arguing that Greece and Turkey could fall victim to subversion without support from friendly nations, Truman asked Congress to authorize $400-million in emergency assistance. To justify this course, he said: “I believe we must assist free peoples to work out their destinies in their own way.” The key to preventing the overthrow of free nations was to attack the conditions of “misery and want” that nurtured totalitarianism.

President Harry S. Truman

Soon this general principle was applied to Western Europe as a whole. In June 1947, Secretary proposed the extension of massive economic assistance to the devastated nations of Europe, saying that the policy of the United States was not directed “against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos. Its purpose should be the revival of a working economy in the world so as to permit the existence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist.”

What the Secretary of State left unsaid was that while the U.S. plan would be open to the Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe, it emphasized the free market economy as the best path to economic reconstruction—and the best defense against communism in Western Europe. Congress responded to Marshall’s proposal by authorizing the European Recovery Program, better known as the . An investment of about $13 billion in Europe during the next few years resulted in the extraordinarily rapid and durable reconstruction of a democratic Western Europe.

Categories: 1

0 Replies to “Marshall Plan And Truman Doctrine Essay Typer”

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *